Treatment of ARDS With Instilled T3 (ARDS+T3)
Study objective: To determine the safety and tolerability of Thyroid Hormone (T3) delivery into the lungs of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) patients, and to measure the effect of T3 on extravascular lung water in ARDS patients.
• Chest x-ray: bilateral pulmonary infiltrates
• Hypoxemia: PaO2:FIO2 ratio <200
• Volume status: wedge and CVP<18 Main inclusion criteria:
• Adults (≥18 years of age), non-pregnant
• On mechanical ventilatory support
Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy as an Imaging Biomarker for the Diagnosis of Pancreatic Cystic Lesions (CLIMB)
This study will evaluate EUS-nCLE (Endoscopic ultrasound needle-based Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy) as an imaging biomarker and PCL (pancreatic cystic lesion) fluid DNA analysis as a molecular biomarker for the management of PCLs. Each of the objectives will be assessed by: Utilizing EUS-nCLE alone, utilizing EUS-nCLE with cyst fluid molecular markers, optimal combination of clinical features, imaging features, cyst fluid analysis, EUS-nCLE, and cyst fluid molecular markers. The primary objectives will be to: distinguish between mucinous and non-mucinous PCLs, distinguish mucinous PCLs that have advanced neoplasia (high-grade dysplasia or cancer) from those with low-grade dysplasia, and distinguish individual distinct types of PCLs.
• Patient age 18 years or older
• All patients referred for EUS-FNA of accessible PCL where surgery is contemplated
• Minimum cyst size should be ≥ 2.0 cm as determined by prior cross-sectional imaging studies
• Unable to obtain informed consent
• Unable to tolerate the procedure
• Women with known pregnancy at time of procedure
• Patient age less than 18 years
• Bleeding diathesis
• Known allergy to fluorescein
• Prior pancreatic cancer
• Prior pancreatic surgery
A Study Evaluating Gene Therapy With BB305 Lentiviral Vector in Sickle Cell Disease
• Have a diagnosis of SCD, with either βS/βS, βS/β0 or βS/β+ genotype.
• Be ≥2 and ≤50 years of age at time of consent.
• Weigh a minimum of 6 kg.
• Have a Karnofsky performance status of ≥60 (≥16 years of age) or a Lansky performance status of ≥60 (<16 years of age).
• Be treated and followed for at least the past 24 months prior to Informed Consent in medical center(s) that maintained detailed records on sickle cell disease history.
• In the setting of appropriate supportive care measures (e.g., pain management plan), have experienced at least 4 protocol-defined severe VOEs in the 24 months prior to informed consent as defined below. A protocol-defined severe VOE is: (a) an event of acute priapism: defined as a sustained, unwanted painful erection lasting more than 2 hours and requiring care at a medical facility (with or without hospitalization) or (b) an event that requires a ≥ 24-hour hospital or emergency room (ER) observation unit visit or at least 2 visits to a day unit or ER over 72 hours with both visits requiring intravenous treatment.
• Have either experienced HU failure at any point in the past or must have intolerance to HU (intolerance is defined as the patient being unable to continue to take HU per PI judgment).
• Female and male subjects of childbearing potential agree to use 1 method of highly effective contraception from Screening to at least 6 months after drug product infusion.
• Provision of written informed consent for this study by subject, or as applicable, subject's parent(s)/legal guardian(s).
• Subjects for whom allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is medically appropriate per PI judgment and a willing, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched related hematopoietic stem cell donor is available.
• Severe cerebral vasculopathy, defined by any history of overt ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, a history of abnormal transcranial Doppler (TCD) or TCD imaging (TCDI) (e.g. TCD velocity >200 cm/sec) requiring chronic transfusions,a Screening TCD or TCDI velocity > 200 cm/sec (central read), a Screening MRA showing > 50% stenosis or occlusion in the circle of Willis (central read), or a Screening MRA showing the presence of Moyamoya (central read).
• Positive for presence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 or 2 (HIV-1 or HIV-2), hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human T-lymphotrophic virus-1 (HTLV-1) or -2 (HTLV-2), active syphilis.
• Clinically significant, active bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic infection
• Advanced liver disease, such as 1. clear evidence of liver cirrhosis, active hepatitis or significant fibrosis (based on MRI or liver biopsy) 2. liver iron concentration ≥15 mg/g unless liver biopsy shows no evidence of cirrhosis, active hepatitis or significant fibrosis
• Inadequate bone marrow function, as defined by an absolute neutrophil count of <1×10^9/L (<0.5×10^9/L for subjects on hydroxyurea treatment) or a platelet count <100×10^9/L.
• Any contraindications to the use of plerixafor during the mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells and any contraindications to the use of busulfan and any other medicinal products required during the myeloablative conditioning, including hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients.
• Patients needing therapeutic anticoagulation treatment during the period of conditioning through platelet engraftment
• Unable to receive pRBC transfusion.
• Prior receipt of an allogeneic transplant.
• Prior receipt of gene therapy.
• Any prior or current malignancy or immunodeficiency disorder, except previously treated, non-life threatening, cured tumors such as squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.
• Immediate family member with a known or suspected Familial Cancer Syndrome.
• Female subject is breastfeeding, pregnant or will attempt to become pregnant from Screening to at least 6 months after drug product infusion.
• Any other condition that would render the subject ineligible for HSCT.
• Participation in another clinical study with an investigational drug within 30 days of screening.
• Presence of a chromosomal abnormality or genetic mutation in the bone marrow that may put the subject at an increased risk of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) per Investigator's judgment.
The Up-LIFT Study of Non-Invasive ARC Therapy for Spinal Cord Injury (Up-LIFT)
To provide pilot evidence to the FDA for the LIFT System (a transcutaneous spinal cord stimulator) that the system is safe, effective, and evaluate potential benefits. This is a multisite industry sponsored study (GTX Medical, Inc., Lexington, MA).
JSP191 Antibody Targeting Conditioning in SCID Patients
Phase 1: To evaluate the safety and tolerability of JSP191 and to determine Phase 2 doses of JSP191 as a conditioning agent prior to allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in two populations of subjects with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID): • SCID subjects with history of prior allogeneic HCT but with poor graft function • SCID subjects who are HCT-naïve Phase 2: • To evaluate the efficacy of JSP191 conditioning to enable engraftment of allogeneic CD34+ hematopoietic cells, as determined by CD15+ donor myeloid chimerism • To evaluate the efficacy of JSP191 conditioning to enable immune reconstitution determined by the production of naïve T cells
Expanded Access of Omidubicel, for Allogeneic Transplantation in Patients With Hematological Malignancies
The overall study objectives are to provide access to omidubicel for transplantation in patients with hematological malignancies and to collect additional safety and efficacy data.
• Patients must be at least 12 years of age
• Applicable disease criteria
• Patients must have one or two partially HLA-matched CBUs
• Back-up stem cell source
• Sufficient physiological reserves
• Females of childbearing potential agree to use appropriate method of contraception
• Signed written informed consent
• Extensive bone marrow fibrosis
• Donor specific anti-HLA antibodies
• Medically unsuitable for transplant
Rare CFTR Mutation Cell Collection Protocol (RARE) (RARE)
We are doing the RARE study to learn more about Cystic Fibrosis (CF). CF is caused by mutations in a gene that produces a protein called the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). In people with CF, the CFTR does not function correctly. Medications are being developed to help the CFTR function better, but those medications mostly benefit people with common CFTR mutations. There are more than 1,900 mutations of the CF gene. Some of these mutations are rare and found only in a few people. The goal of this research study is to collect specimens (blood, nasal cells, rectal cells) from people with rare CFTR mutations. Another purpose of this study is to create induced pluripotent stem cells or iPS cells. “Pluripotent” stem cells are cells that can be changed into almost any cell type of the body (such as lung or intestine). They can be kept alive and stored indefinitely. There are different kinds of pluripotent stem cells. Inducted pluripotent stem cells can be created from many different kinds of specimens (such as blood, nasal cells, rectal cells). This is different from embryonic stem cells, which can only be derived from embryos. The specimens collected during this study and iPS cells created from them will be stored for use in future research to learn more about CF and study the effect of new medications. This could identify new medications that may help people with rare CFTR mutations.
• Male or female ≥ 12 years of age at time of consent
• Documentation of a CF diagnosis as evidenced by one or more clinical features consistent with CF and one or more of the following criteria (1. Sweat chloride ≥ 60 milliequivalents/Liter (mEq/L) by quantitative pilocarpineiontophoresis test (QPIT) OR upon permission of the RARE Investigator- Sponsors, 2. Two well-characterized mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductive regulator (CFTR) gene, 3.Abnormal nasal potential difference (NPD) (change in NPD in response to a low chloride solution and isoproterenol of lessthan -6.6 mV)
• Confirmed genotype of the current recruitment focus for certain target rare mutations. The initial recruitment focus will be CF patients who are homozygous for pre-mature stop codons. Operations Memos will detail any future current genotype targets.
• Written informed consent (and assent when applicable) obtained from participant or participant's legal representative and ability to comply with the requirements of the study.
• Willing to travel (if needed) to a regional study site for cell collection.
Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) and Pembrolizumab for Advanced Stage Androgen Receptor-positive Salivary Gland Carcinoma
• Written informed consent and HIPAA authorization for release of personal health information. NOTE: HIPAA authorization may be included in the informed consent or obtained separately.
• Age ≥ 18 years at the time of consent.
• Locally advanced, recurrent, or metastatic salivary gland carcinoma that is not amenable to curative surgery or radiation
• ECOG Performance Status of 0 or 1 within 28 days prior to registration.
• Local, pathologic testing of androgen receptor-positive salivary gland carcinoma will be performed as standard of care. Archival tissue must be available for central confirmation of androgen receptor-positive disease and for correlative studies. AR positivity will be defined according to IHC staining of tumor tissue with at least 20% of tumor staining positive with moderate intensity (1+ or greater).
• Measurable disease according to RECIST v1.1 for solid tumors within 28 days prior to registration.
• For patients who have been treated with prior therapy, patients must have documented progression of disease on their prior therapy for entry into the study.
• Patients with prior chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery as part of curative intent therapy are allowed. Any number of prior lines of systemic therapy is permitted for entry into this study so long as prior therapy did not include anti-androgen therapy or immune checkpoint blockade.
• If prior cancer treatment, the subject must have recovered from toxic effects of prior cancer treatment (other than alopecia) to ≤ Grade 1.
• Adequate organ function as defined below; all screening labs to be obtained within 28 days prior to registration.
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1500/µL
• Platelets ≥75,000/µL
• Hemoglobin ≥8.0 g/dL or ≥5 mmol/L
• Creatinine (Cr) OR Measured or calculated creatinine clearance (GFR can also be used in place of Cr or creatinine clearance) ≤1.5 × ULN OR ≥30 mL/min for participant with creatinine levels >1.5 × institutional ULN
• Total bilirubin ≤1.5 ×ULN OR direct bilirubin ≤ULN for participants with total bilirubin levels >1.5 × ULN
• AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤2.5 × ULN (≤5 × ULN for participants with liver metastases) o International normalized ratio (INR) OR prothrombin time (PT) & aPTT ≤1.5 × ULN unless participant is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or aPTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
• A male participant must agree to use contraception during the treatment period and for at least 8 months after the last dose of study treatment and refrain from donating sperm during this period.
• Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to registration. NOTE: Females are considered of child bearing potential unless they are surgically sterile (have undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or they are naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months
• Females of childbearing potential and males with partners of childbearing potential must be willing to abstain from heterosexual activity or to use a highly effect form of contraception from the time of informed consent until 8 months after treatment discontinuation.
• As determined by the enrolling physician or protocol designee, ability of the subject to understand and comply with study procedures for the entire length of the study
• Women of childbearing age with a positive serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to study registration.
• Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (eg, CTLA-4, OX40, CD137).
• Has received prior androgen deprivation therapy including orchiectomy, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists/antagonists, androgen receptor blocker, abiraterone, or enzalutamide.
• Has received prior systemic anti-cancer therapy including investigational agents within 14 days prior to registration.
• Has received prior palliative radiotherapy within 7 days of start of study treatment. Participants must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities and require less than 10mg of prednisone (or equivalent corticosteroid) daily.
• Has received a live vaccine within 28 days prior to the first dose of study drug. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (eg, FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed.
• Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
• Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 2 years. Note: Participants with basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ (e.g. breast ductal carcinoma in situ, cervical cancer in situ) that have undergone potentially curative therapy are not excluded.
• Has known active CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Participants with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are radiologically stable, i.e. without evidence of progression for at least 14 days by repeat imaging (note that the repeat imaging should be performed during study screening), clinically stable, and without requirement of steroid treatment for at least 14 days prior to first dose of study treatment.
• Has ≥Grade 3 hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab and/or any of its excipients.
• Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (eg, levothyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
• Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis.
• Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
• Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
• Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis).
• Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
• Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
• Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.
Safety, Pharmacodynamics, and Efficacy of Migalastat in Pediatric Subjects (Aged >12 Years) With Fabry Disease
This an extension study assessing the use of migalastat (AT1001) in pediatric populations. AT1001, under the trade name Galafold, is approved for use in the US in adults, but not children. The parent study is approved by the IRB under STUDY00006216.
• Male or female subjects diagnosed with Fabry disease > 12 years of age who completed Study AT1001-020
• Subject's parent or legally-authorized representative is willing and able to provide written informed consent and authorization for use and disclosure of personal health information or research-related health information, and subject provides assent, if applicable
• Subject's parent or legally-authorized representative is willing and able to provide written informed consent and authorization for use and disclosure of personal health information or research-related health information, and subject provides assent, if applicable
• Has moderate or severe renal impairment (eGFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 at screening)
• Has advanced kidney disease requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation
• History of allergy or sensitivity to study medication (including excipients) or other iminosugars (eg, miglustat, miglitol)
• Has received any gene therapy at any time or anticipates starting gene therapy during the study period
• Requires treatment with Glyset (miglitol), Zavesca (miglustat) within 6 months before screening or throughout the study
• Requires treatment with Replagal (agalsidase alfa), or Fabrazyme (agalsidase beta) within 14 days before screening or throughout the study
• Subject is treated or has been treated with any investigational/experimental drug, biologic or device within 30 days before screening
• Any intercurrent illness or condition or concomitant medication use considered to be a contraindication at screening or baseline or that may preclude the subject from fulfilling the protocol requirements or suggests to the investigator that the potential subject may have an unacceptable risk by participating in this study
• Pregnant or breast-feeding
• Otherwise unsuitable for the study in the opinion of the investigator
Study of Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy of PBGM01 in Pediatric Subjects With GM1 Gangliosidosis (Imagine-1)
This study is a prospective multi-cohort, open-label, dose-escalation assessment of the safety and efficayc of PBGM01, an AAVHu68, intra-cisternal magna delivered gene therapy for the treatment of GM1 gangliosidosis in infants 1-24 months of age.
• All Patients: Documented GM1 gangliosidosis diagnosis based on genotyping confirming 2 mutations in the GLB1 gene and documented deficiency of beta-galactosidase enzyme by laboratory testing
• Age: 4 to 36 months (first cohort will be 12-36 months) Subjects:
• Early onset infantile (Type 1): Subjects who have signs and/or symptoms of GM1 gangliosidosis that started at or before 6 months of age and have specific developmental milestones remaining
• Late onset infantile (Type 2a): Subjects who have signs and/or symptoms of GM1 gangliosidosis that started between 6 and 18 months of age and have specific developmental milestones remaining
Study of BGB-A1217 in Combination With Tislelizumab in Advanced Solid Tumors
STABILITY 2: Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction +/- Lateral Tenodesis With Patellar vs Quad Tendon (STABILITY 2)
• Age 14-25,
• An ACL-deficient knee,
• Skeletal maturity (i.e. closed epiphyseal growth plates on standard knee radiographs),
• At least two of the following: participate in a competitive pivoting sport; have a pivot shift of grade 2 or greater; have generalized ligamentous laxity (Beighton score of ≥4) and/or genu recurvatum >10 degrees.
• Previous ACLR on either knee,
• Partial ACL injury (defined as one bundle ACL tear requiring reconstruction/augmentation of the torn bundle with no surgery required for the intact bundle),
• Multiple ligament injury (two or more ligaments requiring surgery),
• Symptomatic articular cartilage defect requiring treatment other than debridement,
• >3 degrees of asymmetric varus,
• Inflammatory arthropathy,
• Inability to provide consent,
• Pregnancy at baseline.
A Study of JNJ-64304500 as Add-on Therapy in Participants With Active Crohn's Disease (DUET)
• Have confirmed clinical diagnosis of Crohn's disease or fistulizing Crohn's disease of at least 3 months' duration
• Initiated standard of care (SOC) biologic therapy for at least 12 uninterrupted weeks (including the induction dose) prior to Week 0 and agree to continue to maintain their SOC biologic with no change in dose level or interruption for the duration of the study. Adalimumab (including HUMIRA or an equivalent biosimilar which could include: HULIO, HYRIMOZ, IMRALDI, or AMGEVITA) at maintenance dose of 40 milligram (mg) subcutaneous (SC) every 2 weeks (q2w) plus minus (+ -) 4 days or Ustekinumab at maintenance dose of 90 mg SC every 8 weeks (q8w) +
• Have active Crohn's disease (CD), with a baseline crohn's disease activity index (CDAI) score of greater than or equal to (>=) 180 but less than or equal to (<=) 400
• Participant with a family history of colorectal cancer, personal history of increased colorectal cancer risk, age greater than (>) 50 years, or other known risk factor must be up-to-date on colorectal cancer surveillance
• Participant who has had extensive colitis for >=8 years, or disease limited to the left side of the colon for >=12 years, must either have had a colonoscopy to assess for the presence of dysplasia within 1 year before the first administration of study agent or a colonoscopy to assess for the presence of malignancy at the screening visit, with no evidence of malignancy
• A woman of childbearing potential must have a negative highly sensitive serum (beta- human chorionic gonadotropin [beta-hCG]) pregnancy test result at screening and a negative urine pregnancy test result at Week 0 and throughout the study
• Has complications of Crohn's disease as defined in study protocol
• Currently has or is suspected to have an abscess
• Concomitant or previous medical therapies received: has previously demonstrated suboptimal response, loss of response, or intolerance to more than 2 approved advanced therapies
• Concomitant or previous medical therapies received: corticosteroids and 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) compounds at unstable or above recommended doses are not permitted. Individuals receiving stable doses (oral corticosteroids at a prednisone-equivalent dose at or below 20 mg/day, or 6 mg/day of budesonide, 2.5 mg/day beclomethasone dipropionate, or at or below 5-ASA doses of 1.5 gram (g)/day) or if individuals have been discontinued, for at least 2 weeks before start of first study intervention (Week 0), are permitted
• Concomitant or previous medical therapies received: has received any of the following prescribed medications or therapies within the specified period or has plans to initiate throughout the study: conventional immunomodulators (that is , azathioprine [AZA], 6-mercaptopurine [6 MP], or methotrexate [MTX]) within 4 weeks of first dose of study intervention; oral immunomodulatory agents (example, 6-thioguanine [6-TG], cyclosporine, tacrolimus, sirolimus, or mycophenolate mofetil, tofacitinib and other Janus kinase [JAK] inhibitors [including investigational JAK inhibitors]) less than (<) 6 weeks or within 5 half-lives of agent before first dose of SOC biologic, whichever is longer; all other immunomodulatory biologic agents (including investigational biologics) received within 12 weeks or within 5 half-lives of first dose of SOC biologic, whichever is longer
• Infections or predisposition to infections criteria: has a stool culture or other examination positive for an enteric pathogen, including clostridium difficile toxin, in the last 4 months unless a repeat examination is negative and there are no signs of ongoing infection with that pathogen
• Has a transplanted organ (with exception of a corneal transplant that needs to have occurred > 12 weeks before screening)
Long-term Follow-up of Participants With Cerebral Adrenoleukodystrophy Who Were Treated With Lenti-D Drug Product
This is a multi-center, long-term safety and efficacy follow-up study for subjects with cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy (CALD) who have received Lenti-D Drug Product in parent clinical studies. Lenti-D Drug Product is defined as an autologous CD34+ cell-enriched population that contains cells transduced with Lenti-D lentiviral vector encoding the human adrenoleukodystrophy protein. In parent studies, male subjects with CALD are infused on a single occasion with Lenti-D Drug Product, and then followed for 24 (±1) month for safety and efficacy. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA) recommend long-term follow-up for subjects treated with gene therapy drug products to monitor for selected adverse events (AEs), as well as durability of clinical response. Therefore, after subjects have completed the parent clinical studies, they will be asked to participate in a long-term follow-up Study LTF-304, in which they will be followed every 6 months through 5 years post-drug product infusion, and then annually through 15 years post-drug product infusion. Safety evaluations will include documentation of drug product-related AEs, all serious adverse events (SAEs) regardless of attribution to the drug product, CALD-related ≥Grade 2 AEs, and integration site analysis for the detection of clonal dominance through 15 years post drug product infusion, as well as archiving for RCL testing through 5 years post‑drug product infusion. Efficacy evaluations will include CALD disease-specific assessments, primarily major functional disabilities and brain MRI, with additional exploratory assessments for change in Loes score, Loes pattern, neurologic function score (NFS), very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA), intelligence quotient (IQ), and health related quality of life (HRQoL) assessment. To monitor pharmacodynamics, vector copy number in peripheral blood (PB VCN; vector copies per diploid genome [c/dg]) and transgenic protein expression of adrenoleukodystrophy protein (ALDP) in peripheral blood will be measured at designated study visits. There is no designated Data Monitoring Committee (DMC) for Study LTF-304; however, the review of safety data for this study, including AEs, SAEs and relevant laboratory values, may be performed by the DMC convened for the parent study in which the subject(s) originally participated.
• Provision of written informed consent for this study by the participant or participant's parent(s)/ legal guardian(s) and written informed assent by participant, if applicable
• Have received Lenti-D Drug Product in a parent clinical study
• Able to comply with study requirements
• There are no exclusion criteria for this Study
Clinical and Basic Investigations Into Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation
Define natural history, validate patient reported outcome and share knowledge on congenital disorders of glycosylation. We will recruit and enroll patients with CDG in this study evaluating clinical variation and natural history when a patient is being seen as part of routine clinical care.
• Patients diagnosed with congenital disorders of glycosylation based on genetic confirmatory testing
• Patients without congenital disorders of glycosylation
Cusatuzumab in Combination With Background Therapy for the Treatment of Participants With Acute Myeloid Leukemia (ELEVATE)
• Diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) according to World Health Organization 2016 criteria . Participants with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) are not eligible
• Must be ineligible for intensive chemotherapy
• De novo or secondary AML
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2
• Previously untreated AML except: emergency leukapheresis, hydroxyurea, and/or 1 dose 1-2 gram per meter square (g/m^2) cytarabine during the Screening Phase to control hyperleukocytosis. These treatments must be discontinued greater than or equal to (>=) 24 hours prior to start of study drug. Empiric all trans retinoic acid (ATRA) treatment for presumed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is permitted but APL must be ruled out and ATRA must be discontinued >=24 hours prior to the start of study drug
• Contraceptive use by men or women should be consistent with local regulations regarding the use of contraceptive methods for participants participating in clinical studies
• Leukemic involvement of the central nervous system
• Eligible for an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at study entry
• Received a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study drug
• A history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody positive or tests positive for HIV if tested at screening
• Known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to cusatuzumab, venetoclax, azacitidine, or their excipients (example: mannitol, an excipient of azacitidine)
A Gene Transfer Study for Late-Onset Pompe Disease (RESOLUTE)
This is a prospective, multinational, multicenter, open-label, non-randomized, first-in human Phase 1/2a, dose-escalation study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and exploratory efficacy of a single intravenous infusion of SPK-3006 in adults with clinically moderate, late-onset Pompe disease. Participants will be treated in sequential, dose-level cohorts. The number of participants in each cohort will be determined by levels of circulating GAA, safety, and immunogenicity evaluations. Data from participants treated early in the study will enable potential adaptation of the dosing regimen for an optional additional cohort(s) or for an expanded cohort (or cohorts) at selected dose levels.
• Provide written informed consent;
• Males and Females ≥18 years of age with late-onset Pompe disease;
• Received ERT for at least the previous 24 months
• Have clinically moderate, late-onset Pompe disease characteristics;
• Agree to use reliable contraception.
• Active hepatitis B and/or C;
• Significant underlying liver disease;
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection;
• Prior hypersensitivity to rhGAA;
• Pre-existing anti-AAV neutralizing antibody titers;
• High titer antibody responses to rhGAA;
• Requires any invasive ventilation or requires noninvasive ventilation while awake and upright;
• Received any prior vector or gene transfer agent;
• Active malignancy (except non-melanoma skin cancer);
• History of liver cancer;
• Pregnant or nursing women;
• Any evidence of active infection at the time of SPK-3006 infusion.
Advanced Materials Science in XLIF Study (AMS in XLIF)
This study is a prospective, non-concurrent, multicenter study to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of smooth Polyetheretherketone (PEEK), 3D-printed titanium, and Porous PEEK interbody implants when used with cancellous allograft chips with Bone Marrow Aspirate (BMA) or cellular allograft in subjects who undergo lumbar lateral interbody fusion at one or two levels. Patients will be followed up to 24 months post-surgery. Fusion rates and clinical outcomes of the 3 groups will be evaluated.
Study of NKTR 255 in Combination With Cetuximab in Solid Tumors
This study is a Phase 1b (Dose Escalation) / 2 (Dose Expansion), open-label, multicenter dose escalation and dose expansion study in patients with relapsed or refractory (R/R) head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) or colorectal carcinoma (CRC). The intervention is FDA-approved cetuximab combined with an investigational drug, NKTR-255. Patients will receive a loading dose of cetuximab alone, followed 7 days later by the first combination treatment of cetuximab and NKTR-255 on Cycle 1 Day 1. Thereafter, NKTR-255 will be given in 21-day cycles in combination with weekly IV cetuximab. After determination of the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of NKTR-255 in combination with cetuximab, this dose of NKTR-255 will be further studied in patients with HNSCC (Cohort A) and CRC (Cohort B) in Phase 2 of the study. Patients will remain on treatment until meeting one of the criteria for discontinuation.
• Histologically confirmed diagnosis of a locally advanced or metastatic HNSCC or CRC.
• Life expectancy > 12 weeks as determined by the Investigator.
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1.
• Measurable disease per RECIST 1.1. HNSCC: Progression on any first or second line platinum-based chemotherapy and/or anti-PD-1 or programmed death-ligand 1 antibody. CRC: Patients must have received or were intolerant to at least 2 prior cancer therapy regimens administered for metastatic disease. CRC: Patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatched repair disease (dMMR) tumors must have been exposed to checkpoint inhibitors such as anti-PD-(L)1 or anticytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein (CTLA)-4 antibody. Key
• Use of an investigational agent or an investigational device within 28 days before administration of first dose of study drug(s)
• Prior surgery or radiotherapy within 14 days of initiating study drug(s)
• Evidence of clinically significant interstitial lung disease or active, noninfectious pneumonitis; active infection requiring systemic therapy within 7 days prior to dosing
• Patients who have been previously treated with IL-2 or IL-15
• Contraindication to or unable to receive cetuximab
A Sequenced Strategy for Improving Outcomes in People With Knee Osteoarthritis Pain (SKOAP)
There is an urgent public health need to reduce our reliance on opioids for effective long-term pain management, particularly in knee osteoarthritis (KOA). This effectiveness trial will compare recommended treatments to reduce pain and functional limitations in KOA and identify clinical and patient-level factors associated with treatment response. These results will lead to improved patient selection for treatment and inform evidence based guidelines by offering well-tested, effective, non-opioid alternatives.
• Meets American College of Rheumatology Classification criteria for knee osteoarthritis
• Any inability to complete study procedures, including, but not limited to low English language literacy.
• Inability to access the internet on a daily basis
• Unstable medical condition that presents as an absolute or relative contraindication for participation (e.g., unstable angina, poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, end stage renal failure, automated implantable cardioverter-defibrillator that cannot be disabled before RFA).
• Severe untreated bleeding disorder (anticoagulants may be continued during phase II treatments in most patients)
• Severe vision or hearing impairment or serious cognitive impairment that could interfere with consent or outcome assessment
• Poorly controlled serious psychiatric condition
• Active substance abuse
• Scheduled joint replacement on the affected knee
• History of unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with complaints of KOA pain limited to the operated knee
• Ulcers or an open wound in the region of the index knee
Study of HST5040 in Subjects With Propionic or Methylmalonic Acidemia (HERO)
• Confirmed diagnosis of symptomatic PA or MMA (Mutase)
• Ages ≥ 2 years old.
• History of Inadequate metabolic control while receiving standard of care (SoC).
• Plasma MCA concentration > 3x upper limit of normal of the reference range at screening.
• Stable supplementation dose of carnitine for at least 1 week prior to the entry in the study.
• Moderate-to-severely impaired cardiac function with LVEF < 45% by ECHO.
• Clinically significant arrhythmia by Holter monitor.
• QTcF > 450 msec
• Moderate to severe chronic kidney disease with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73m2.
• Exposure to any investigational therapy, apart for a COVID-19 vaccine, within the past 6 months prior to study entry.
• Exposure to gene therapy for PA or MMA at any time prior to study entry.
• History of organ transplantation (Part A and B only)
• History of severe allergic or anaphylactic reactions to any of the components of HST5040.
Evaluation of Pain Before and After Removal of Non-obstructive Kidney Stones (ENORC)
To prospectively determine if the removal of non-obstructing renal calculi can reduce or eliminate a participant’s pain and/or improve their quality of life. We hypothesize that the removal of non-obstructing renal calculi will decrease or eliminate the participant’s pain and will improve their quality of life.
• Patients with renal colic and non-obstructing renal calculi. No stone greater than 10 mm in longest diameter
• All other causes of pain have been eliminated (by clinical judgment; if the cause of pain is in doubt: assessment by a family doctor or medical specialist will be obtained)
• Patients older than 18 years old
• Moderate to severe pain (> or = 5 on BPI pain scale: pain at its worst in the last 24hrs)
• Patient's with anatomic abnormalities (calyceal diverticulum)
• Ureteral calculi
• RTA, medullary sponge kidney, sarcoidosis
• Hydronephrosis or hydrocalycosis
• Minimal pain (<5 on BPI pain scale: pain at its worst in the last 24 hrs)
The HistoSonics System for Treatment of Primary and Metastatic Liver Tumors Using Histotripsy (#HOPE4LIVER US)
The objective of this trial is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the HistoSonics System for the destruction of primary or metastatic tumors located in the liver. Histotripsy is a non-thermal, mechanical process of focused ultrasound used to destroy targeted soft tissue. The HistoSonics System is an image-guided device designed to deliver non-invasive histotripsy in the liver for local treatment that has the potential to overcome many limitations of other focal liver tumor treatment options. This trial is a multisite, single arm, non-randomized prospective trial. Following histotripsy treatment of liver tumor(s), subjects will undergo imaging ≤36 hours post-index procedure to determine technical success. Subjects will then be followed for 30 days. Data through the 30-day time point will be used for a Regulatory Submission to the FDA. Additionally, subjects will be followed for five (5) years post-index procedure, with evaluations at the 6-month and annual time points to estimate the efficacy and safety profile of the HistoSonics System.
• Liver function: Alanine transaminase (ALT) and Aspartate transaminase (AST) <2.5x upper limit of normal (ULN) and/or bilirubin <2.5 ULN, and
• Renal function: serum creatinine <2x ULN, and
• Hematologic function: neutrophil count >1.0 x 10^9/L and platelet >50 x 10^9/L 8. Subject has an International Normalized Ratio (INR) score of <2.0 , ≤7 days prior to the index procedure 9. The tumor(s) selected for histotripsy treatment must be ≤3 cm in longest diameter 10. Subject has an adequate acoustic window to visualize targeted tumor(s) using ultrasound imaging 11. Subject has a maximum of three (3) tumors to be treated with histotripsy during the index procedure, regardless of how many tumors the subject has.
A Phase I/II Study of Nivolumab, Ipilimumab and Plinabulin in Patients With Recurrent Small Cell Lung Cancer
This is an open-label Phase I/II study, with a dose escalation part (Phase I) and a 2-arm randomized part (Phase II), in patients with recurrent small cell lung cancer. In the Phase I part, patients will receive plinabulin at escalating doses in combination with nivolumab and ipilimumab. In the Phase II part, approximately 40 patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive either nivolumab + ipilimumab (Arm NI) or the triple combination of plinabulin (at the recommended phase 2 dose) + nivolumab + ipilimumab (Arm PNI). Patients will continue treatment until disease progression, development of unacceptable toxicity or one of the protocol-defined reasons for treatment discontinuation occurs.
• Must have signed and dated written informed consent form in accordance with regulatory and institutional guidelines.
• Males and females aged >18 years at time of consent.
• Histological or cytological confirmed extensive-stage SCLC
• Patients who progressed after at least 1 platinum-based chemotherapy regimen. Patients with platinum resistance (defined as recurrence or progression of disease within 90 days of completion of the platinum-based regimen) are eligible. For phase II, patients also must have been treated with at least one prior line of PD-1/PD-L1 therapy.
• Measurable disease according to RECIST v1.1 (Section 8) obtained by imaging within 28 days prior to study registration.
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 within 14 days before registration and minimum life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
• Treatment to be initiated at least 2 weeks since last dose of prior systemic anticancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation, and/or surgery.
• Recovery to grade 1 of any clinically significant toxicity (excluding alopecia, grade 2 fatigue, vitiligo, endocrinopathies on stable replacement therapy) prior to initiation of study drugs.
• Female patients of childbearing potential have a negative pregnancy test at baseline. Females of childbearing potential are defined as sexually mature women without prior hysterectomy or who have had any evidence of menses in the past 12 months. However, women who have been amenorrheic for 12 or more months are still considered to be of childbearing potential if the amenorrhea is possibly due to prior chemotherapy, anti estrogens, or ovarian suppression.
• Women of childbearing potential (i.e., menstruating women) must have a negative urine pregnancy test (positive urine tests are to be confirmed by serum test) documented within 14 days of study registration and within the 24-hour period prior to the first dose of study drug.
• Sexually active women of childbearing potential enrolled in the study must agree to use 2 forms of accepted methods of contraception during the course of the study and for 23 weeks after their last dose of study drug. Effective birth control includes (a) intrauterine device plus 1 barrier method; (b) on stable doses of hormonal contraception for at least 3 months (e.g., oral, injectable, implant, transdermal) plus one barrier method; (c) 2 barrier methods. Effective barrier methods are male or female condoms, diaphragms, and spermicides (creams or gels that contain a chemical to kill sperm); or (d) a vasectomized partner.
• For male patients who are sexually active and who are partners of premenopausal women: agreement to use 2 forms of contraception as in criterion 9b above during the treatment period and for 31 weeks after the last dose of study drug.
• Adequate laboratory values.
• Absolute neutrophil count ≥1,000/µL
• Platelet count ≥100,000/µL
• Hemoglobin ≥9.0 g/dL
• Total bilirubin ≤1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or ≤3 x ULN for subjects with Gilbert's disease
• Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤3.0 x ULN (≤5 x ULN if evidence of hepatic involvement by malignant disease)
• Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥40 mL/min/1.73m2
• Lipase and Amylase ≤1.5 x ULN. Subjects with Lipase >1.5 x ULN may enroll if there are neither clinical nor radiographic signs of a pancreatitis. Exclusion Criteria Patients with any of the following will be excluded from participation in the study.
• Active interstitial lung disease (ILD) or pneumonitis or a history of ILD or pneumonitis requiring treatment with steroids. Prior history of radiation pneumonitis is allowed if pneumonitis was restricted to the field of radiation.
• History of ileus or other significant gastrointestinal disorder known to increase the risk of ileus or chronic bowel hypomotility
• Pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 23 weeks (female) or 31 weeks (male) after the last dose of study drug.
• Must not have received CTLA-4 targeted therapy previously
• Treatment with any investigational agent within 28 days prior to registration for protocol therapy. Vaccination for SARS-CoV-2 is allowed as well as any therapy as required for the treatment of active COVID 19 infection.
• Known active symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Patients with neurological symptoms must undergo a head computed tomography (CT) scan or brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to exclude brain metastasis. Patients whose brain metastases have been treated may participate provided there is no evidence of progression for at least 2 weeks after CNS-directed treatment, as ascertained by clinical examination or brain imaging.
• Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or active hepatitis B (by surface antigen expression or polymerase chain reaction [PCR]) or active hepatitis C (by PCR) infection. NOTE: HIV testing is not required; Hepatitis B and C testing are required at screening.
• Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to study registration.
• Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive drugs) or a documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents. Vitiligo, alopecia, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, celiac disease controlled by diet alone or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted.
• A condition requiring systemic treatment with corticosteroids (>10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days prior to administration of study drugs.
• History of psychiatric illness or social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements. Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the patient's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the patient to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
• Prior malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers, and the following in situ cancers: bladder, gastric, colon, endometrial, cervical/dysplasia, melanoma, or breast) unless a complete remission was achieved at least 2 years prior to study entry.
• Documented history of a cerebral vascular event (stroke or transient ischemic attack), unstable angina, myocardial infarction, or cardiac symptoms consistent with New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III-IV within 6 months prior to their first dose of study drugs.
• Evidence of ongoing inadequately controlled hypertension (defined as baseline systolic blood pressure >160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >100 mmHg).
• Any active grade 3 or higher viral, bacterial, or fungal infection within 2 weeks of the first dose of the study drugs. Routine antimicrobial prophylaxis is permitted.
A Prospective Observational Study of TPIAT (POST)
Aim 1: To determine (1a) whether patient and disease characteristics are associated with favorable pain and health-related quality-of-life outcomes (HRQOL) after TPIAT; (1b) the optimal timing of the TPIAT intervention to resolve pain and improve HRQOL; and (1c) in a subset of patients, the impact of central sensitization on pain resolution. Aim 2: To determine (2a) whether patient and disease characteristics are associated with favorable glycemic outcomes from the IAT procedure; and (2b) the optimal timing of TPIAT to obtain post-surgical insulin independence. Aim 3: To determine the cost-effectiveness of TPIAT.
Tumor-Agnostic Precision Immuno-Oncology and Somatic Targeting Rational for You (TAPISTRY) Platform Study
TAPISTRY is a Phase II, global, multicenter, open-label, multi-cohort study designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of targeted therapies or immunotherapy as single agents or in rational, specified combinations in patients with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors determined to harbor specific oncogenic genomic alterations or who are TMB-high as identified by a validated NGS assay.
• Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of advanced and unresectable or metastatic solid malignancy
• Measurable disease as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors, Version 1.1 (RECIST v1.1), Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria, or International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria (INRC)
• Performance status as follows: Participantss aged >= 18 years: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status 0-2; Participantss aged 16 to < 18 years: Karnofsky score >= 50%; Participants aged < 16 years: Lansky score >= 50%
• For participants aged >= 18 and <18 years: adequate hematologic and end-organ function
• Disease progression on prior treatment, or previously untreated disease with no available acceptable treatment
• Adequate recovery from most recent systemic or local treatment for cancer
• Life expectancy >= 8 weeks
• Ability to comply with the study protocol, in the investigator's judgment
• For female participants of childbearing potential: Negative serum pregnancy test <= 14 days prior to initiating study treatment; agreement to remain abstinent or use single or combined contraception methods that result in a failure rate of < 1% per year for the period defined in the cohort-specific inclusion criteria; and agreement to refrain from donating eggs during the same period
• For male participants: Willingness to remain abstinent or use acceptable methods of contraception as defined in the cohort-specific inclusion criteria
• In addition to the general inclusion criteria above, participants must meet all of the cohort-specific inclusion criteria for the respective cohort
• Current participation or enrollment in another therapeutic clinical trial
• Any anticancer treatment within 2 weeks or 5 half-lives prior to start of study treatment
• Whole brain radiotherapy within 14 days prior to start of study treatment
• Stereotactic radiosurgery within 7 days prior to start of study treatment
• Pregnant or breastfeeding, or intending to become pregnant during the study
• History of or concurrent serious medical condition or abnormality in clinical laboratory tests that, in the investigator's judgment, precludes the participant's safe participation in and completion of the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study
• Incomplete recovery from any surgery prior to the start of study treatment that would interfere with the determination of safety or efficacy of study treatment
• Significant cardiovascular disease, such as New York Heart Association cardiac disease (Class II or higher), myocardial infarction, or cerebrovascular accident within 3 months prior to enrollment, unstable arrhythmias, or unstable angina
• History of another active cancer within 5 years prior to screening that may interfere with the determination of safety or efficacy of study treatment with respect to the qualifying solid tumor malignancy
• In addition to the general exclusion criteria above, in order to be enrolled in a treatment cohort of the study, participants must not meet any of the cohort-specific exclusion criteria
Pediatric cGVHD Symptom Scale
To develop a psychometrically valid Pediatric cGVHD Symptom Scale (PCSS) and a companion parent-proxy measure as counterparts to the Lee cGVHD Symptom Scale.
• INCLUSION CRITERIA: Pediatric Subject
• Children aged 5 to 17 years old, who have undergone prior allogeneic stem cell transplant
• Clinical diagnosis of cGVHD
• Currently receiving systemic treatment for cGVHD (including phototherapies), or has had systemic therapy for cGVHD tapered to discontinuation within the past 12 months
• No evidence of malignant disease relapse including molecular relapse and minimal residual disease. Patients with mixed chimerism are eligible to participate
• Parent or guardian ability and willingness to sign a written informed consent document
• Subjects must be able to comprehend and speak the English language
• Subjects may participate in both Project 1 and Project 2 of the study. Participation in Project 1 is not required in order to be eligible to participate in Project 2.
• Parent or Guardian Proxy Inclusion Criteria
• Parent or guardian of participating subject
• Must be willing and able to provide informed consent. Parent or guardian (proxy) must be able to comprehend and speak the English language EXCLUSOIN CRITERIA:
• Patients who completed systemic treatment more than 3 months prior to enrollment or are receiving topical therapy only.
• Patients may be excluded from this study if in the judgment of the Principal or Associate Investigator, the subject is too ill, or subject s cognitive ability would compromise their ability to participate in study related procedures.
A Safety and Efficacy Study Evaluating CTX110 in Subjects With Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Malignancies (CARBON)
Primary objective, Part A (dose escalation): To assess the safety of escalating doses of CTX110 in subjects with relapsed or refractory B cell malignancies to determine the recommended Part B dose Primary objective, Part B (cohort expansion): To assess the efficacy of CTX110 in subjects with relapsed or refractory B cell malignancies, as measured by objective response rate (ORR)
Validation of Bladder Health Instrument for Evaluation in Women (VIEW)
• Community dwelling
• Age ≥18 years old
• Female sex assigned at birth
• Fluent in written and spoken English
• Able to read and provide informed consent
• Institutional living arrangement, e.g., skilled nursing, long term care or rehabilitation center
• Physical or mental condition that would prohibit self-administration of questionnaire either electronically or using paper and pencil (e.g., dementia/cognitive impairment/blindness/severe arthritis).
Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Safety Profile of Understudied Drugs Administered to Children Per Standard of Care (POPS) (POPS or POP02)
The majority of drugs administered to children are used off label, and PK studies to define appropriate dosing are lacking across pediatric age groups and special populations of children. Challenges associated with clinical trials in children limit the ability to conduct PK and dosing trials in this population. Studies capitalizing on standard-of-care procedures have proven successful in characterizing the PK of drugs used in children. The purpose of this study is to characterize the PK of understudied drugs administered to children per SOC as prescribed by their treating provider. This study will serve as a tool to better understand drug exposure in children receiving drugs per SOC. The data collected through this initiative will provide valuable PK and dosing information for drugs in different pediatric age groups as well as special populations of children, such as premature infants, critically ill children receiving ECMO or CRRT, children with Down syndrome and children with obesity, for which dosing may vary due to altered PK. In addition, the data collected in this study will serve as preliminary data to design and plan the best and most efficacious BPCA trials, proof-of-concept studies associated with biomarkers, and data to support applications for extramural funding. All of the drugs studied in this protocol are used as standard of care in children and are approved in adults. There will be multiple INDs held by the core study Principal Investigator: Danny Benjamin, MD, PhD (IND Sponsor) Kiser-Arena Distinguished Professor of Pediatrics, Duke University Faculty Associate Director, Duke Clinical Research Institute PO Box 17969 Durham NC 27715 Phone: 919-668-8295 Fax: 919-681-9457 firstname.lastname@example.org The Funding Sponsor is The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) NOTE: We will be participating in the COVID 19 arm of this study, which includes 6 drugs of interest (DOI). All other arms are on hold currently; and focus has been placed on the COVID 19 arm. However, in the future we may be interested in participating in other DOIs. The details of this arm of the study will be provided at the end of this document. (See Appendix P, pages 82-86 of main protocol)